The retirement-savings puzzle revisited: The role of housing as a bequeathable asset

The so-called retirement-savings puzzle is a phenomenon by which, contrary to what the basic life-cycle model predicts, households do not run down their wealth significantly during retirement. In this survey paper we briefly review the literature that attempts to solve the retirement-savings puzzle and, in addition, we review more extensively the literature on housing equity during retirement. To establish a link between the two streams of literature, we use as a framework the work of Nakajima and Telyukova (2011), who find that homeownership interacts with the factors that explain the retirement-savings puzzle, notably with the bequest motive. Additionally, we complement the results by Nakajima and Telyukova (2011) relating them the literature on altruistic bequests, strategic bequests and housing as a commitment device, all of which give insights on the connection between homeownership and bequests. We complement the review of the literature with descriptive evidence using Dutch data, which in general suggests that the insights stemming for the literature are relevant to understand the Dutch reality.

Netspar, Network for Studies on Pensions, Aging and Retirement, is a thinktank and knowledge network. Netspar is dedicated to promoting a wider understanding of the economic and social implications of pensions, aging and retirement in the Netherlands and Europe.

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