Stabilizing pay-as-you-go pension schemes in the face of rising longevity and falling fertility: An application to the Netherlands

Rising longevity and falling fertility threaten the sustainability of pay-as-you-go pension schemes. This paper shows that maintaining the intergenerational balance in the Dutch pay-as-you-go pension scheme in the face of increased longevity since the introduction of the scheme in 1957 would have required a gradual increase of the retirement age to at least 68 years for the generation born in 1945. Furthermore, we show that projected increases in labour-force participation rates do not generate sufficient additional tax revenues to subsitute for the dearth of human capitalcaused by falling fertility rates.

Netspar, Network for Studies on Pensions, Aging and Retirement, is a thinktank and knowledge network. Netspar is dedicated to promoting a wider understanding of the economic and social implications of pensions, aging and retirement in the Netherlands and Europe.

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