Point of no return: How do financial resources affect the timing of retirement after a job separation

  • Matthew Rutledge Matthew Rutledge

This study uses the Survey of Income and Program Participation to examine the decision to retire after a job separation among the increasing number of older individuals who leave a job between 55 and 70, and how this decision varies by labor market conditions and the resources available to the unemployed. Among individuals whose jobless spells end in retirement, most do so within a year after separation. The availability of resources like Social Security retirement benefits, high net worth, and defined benefit pensions appear to encourage more rapid labor force exit and retirement, rather than supporting job seekers during a long search. Surprisingly,retirement is less likely when the unemployment rate is high, though the correlation is substantively small, and UI benefits delay retirement. Poor health and work-limiting disabilitiesare also associated with more rapid labor force exit and retirement. These results suggest little tolerance for long job searches – regardless of labor market prospects – and indicate that thosewho can afford to retire will do so rather quickly.

Netspar, Network for Studies on Pensions, Aging and Retirement, is a thinktank and knowledge network. Netspar is dedicated to promoting a wider understanding of the economic and social implications of pensions, aging and retirement in the Netherlands and Europe.

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