Gradual retirement of men in the Netherlands: analysis of trends with an age-period-cohort model

This study investigates the (modest) increase in gradual retirement of men in the Netherlands. A multinomial logit age-period-cohort model is estimated for a sample of Dutch men born between 1921 and 1962, using data from the Dutch Labour Force Survey 1992-2012. The results indicate that the unobserved cohort effects are the most important factor in explaining the growth of gradual retirement for the period 1992-2012. There are, however,differences between the cohort effects of gradual retirement at an employer or gradual retirement through self-employment. Gradual retirement through self-employment did not become more prevalent over successive cohorts, as indicated by the unobserved cohort effects. Moreover, the unobserved age effects, without taking the option of gradual retirement through selfemployment explicitly into account, suggest that, when possible, individuals prefer to reduce the number of hours worked towards the age when the individual is fi rst eligible to an Old Age pension.

Netspar, Network for Studies on Pensions, Aging and Retirement, is a thinktank and knowledge network. Netspar is dedicated to promoting a wider understanding of the economic and social implications of pensions, aging and retirement in the Netherlands and Europe.

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