Beggar thy thrifty neighbour

This paper explores the international spillover effects of ageing through capital markets when countries have different pension systems. We use a two-country two-period overlapping-generations model, where the two countries only differ in their pension schemes. Two forms of population ageing are considered, namely an increasein longevity and a fall in fertility. It is shown that in the long run a country using a funded pension system experiences negative spillovers from the fact that the other country uses a PAYG system. The short-run spillovers, however, are opposite to the spillovers in the long run.

Netspar, Network for Studies on Pensions, Aging and Retirement, is a thinktank and knowledge network. Netspar is dedicated to promoting a wider understanding of the economic and social implications of pensions, aging and retirement in the Netherlands and Europe.


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