A simple correction to remove the bias of the Gini coefficient due to grouping

  • Philip Clarke Philip Clarke
  • Tom Van Ourti Tom Van Ourti

We propose a first-order bias correction term for the Gini index to reduce the bias due to grouping. It only depends upon the number of individuals in each group and is derived from a measurement error framework. We also provide a formula for the remaining second order bias. Both Monte Carlo and EU and US empirical evidence show that the first-order correction reduces a considerable share of the bias, but that there is some remaining second-order bias that is increasing in the variance. We propose a procedure that addresses the remaining second-order bias by using additional information.

Netspar, Network for Studies on Pensions, Aging and Retirement, is a thinktank and knowledge network. Netspar is dedicated to promoting a wider understanding of the economic and social implications of pensions, aging and retirement in the Netherlands and Europe.


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